www.hindukidsworld.org

Multi Language Web-Mag on Hinduism for the Kids

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Kidsworld Club

Hello Kids,

Hinduism is a great religion which was originated from the God himself with one sole purpose of redeeming the people of the world.

Hinduism shows us the genuine way to live in a very high maral standard and at the end of this life to reach the holy feet of the merciful God.

Since the days of the Vedhas, which was the golden era of Hinduism to this present day, numerous Sages (Maha Rishis), Saints (63 Saivist Nayanmars, 4 Saivist Thevara vocalists, 4 Saivist theologists, 12 Vaishnavite Azhvaars, Powerful Siththars, Hindu Holymen and Holywomen who have been revered by devotees as the aspects of the God himself.

There are Chieftains (Gurus) of Hindu religious Mathas or Ashrams (hermits) all of whom have spent their whole lives in praising the God and leading the people in the Holy path of disciplined Hindu way of life.

In this section, you can read and enjoy all about such praiseworthy Sages, Saints and holypersons.

Great Sages

Hello Children,

You may have heard of Maha Rishis.

Maharishi means great sage. It is derived from the Sanskrit word "maha" which means great, and "rishi" means seer. The term is used in Hinduism as a title for a great teacher of spiritual and Vedic knowledge.

Here are the list of important hindu sages. There are many tales involving them and we are in the process of preparing their great stories and they will appear one by one below:

Please note if the tab is in blue colour then there are details for you to read.


1. Vedha Viyasa

 

2. Sukar


3. Naratha


4. Athri


5. Valmeeki


6. Pirugu


7. Vasishda


8. Paraasara


9. Jamathagni


10. Ankiras


11. Apathsthamba


12. Gouthama


13. Pulasthiya


15. Pulaha


16. Mareesi


17. Thaththaathireyar


18. Jaimini


19. Visuvavaara devi


20. Agasthiya


21. Uloba muthra


22. Parathvaaj


23. Thurvaasa


24. Piplaathara


25. Gouthami


26. Kuthsar


27. Kouthsar


28. Siyavana


29. Rishya Sirunga


30. Sounaga

Nayanmars - The 63 Great Saiva Volunteers

Hello Kids,

Here are the list of 63 Saiva Nayanmars and there are wonderful stories involving many of them and you would be able to see them here in this section of the site. Note that their name end with the word 'Nayanar' which denote that they are one of the 63 Nayanmars. 

There were four 'Samaya Kuravarkal' in those 63 Nayanars who sung (vocal) 'Thevaram' devotional songs on Lord Shiva.

 

 Please note if the tab is in blue colour then there are details for you to read and the others are getting ready. 


1.Thirugnaana sambanthar

2. Thirunaavukkarasar (Appar )

3.Sunthara Moorthy

Sunthara Moorthy Nayanar (Suntharar)

Sunthara Moorthy Nayanar was born at 'Thirunavaloor' village in Nadu nadu. He was born in 'Aathi Saivar' community. His father was Sadaiyanar and mother Isai Gnaaniyar. The name given by his parents at the time of his birth was Nambiyarooran. He was adopted by Narasinga Munaiyar.

Nambiyarooran grew up to become a well educated, handsome young man and his elders arranged marriage to him with a beautiful girl from a decent family. On his wedding day, Lord Shiva came to the wedding hall in the disguise of an old man and argued that Nambiyarooran was his slave. Everyone at the wedding hall got shocked and argued against the old man.

After much arguments, the old man showed and 'ola leaf' (in those days fresh large leaves were used to write up agreements and dried in sun so that whatever written can not be altered) as the evidence. As per the leaf great grand father of Nambiyarooran signed up that he and his generation was deemed to be the slaves forever to the oldman's dynasty. Without knowing who the old man is, Nambiyarooran became upset and he scolded the old man that he was 'mad' ('Piththan' in Tamil language).

However the village elders agreed that the document is genuine and he should go with the oldman and so the old man took him to 'Thiruvennai Nallur' Temple. Inside the temple the old man vanished and the angry young man was looking for him and all of a sudden he reaslised his folly and prayed to the God at the sanctuary.

At that very moment, Lord Shiva appeared in his real form and explained to all that it was his holy play in order to make Nambiyarooran to undersatnd the purpose of his birth in the world and asked Nambiyarooran to sing a Thevaram poem praising him.

Nambiyarooran was very happy to know about the great Lord's act to enslave him and was ready to sing a thousand songs praising the great Lord Shiva. But, he could not find a suitable word to begin the poem. Lord Shiva laughed and asked him to begin his poem with the word " Piththa " (mad man) as he scolded the Lord with that word.

Using the word, 'Piththa' as the first word, Nambiyarooran began to sing a beautiful Thevaram poem starts with  "Piththa piraisoodi..... " and one by one, many poems flowed down from his lips praising the mighty Lord. The Lord was happy and blessed Nambiyarooran.

Since that day, Nambiyarooran was called 'Sunthara Moorthy Nayanar' and in short, 'Suntharar' (handsome).

From that day onwards, Suntharar devoted his whole life to praise Lord Shiva, serve the Lord's will and spread the religion all over the country.

Suntharar visited many temples dedicated to Lord Shiva all over South India and sang sweet Thevaram poems on the great Lord.

He sang 'Thiruththondath thokai' a compilation of sweet Thevaram poems on Lord Shiva at Thiruvaroor. He married to a beautiful, young girl called ' Paravaiyar' at that village.

Suntharar performed many wonderful miracles by the grace of Lord Shiva.

At Thiruppukkoliyoor, he brought back to life a child girl swallowed alive by a crocodile. He became close friends with some other nayanars of his time, called, Eyarkon Kalikkaamar, Somasi marar and Cheraman Perumal.

During his whole life time, Suntharar lived for Lord Shiva with the only aim of spreading Hinduism.

At the end of his life on earth, Lord Shiva sent down a white elephant from Shivaloga (abode of Lord Shiva). Suntharar mounted that elephant and reached Shivaloga to serve his Lord forever, praising his glory ever.

Shall we now watch and listen to the Thevaram "Piththa Piraisoodi'  sung by Suntharar!

4. Manika Vaasakar

 

Here are the Saivist Nayanmars who did great services to Lord Shiva's glory. 


1. Athipaththa nayanar

 

2. Appoothiyadigal nayanar

 

3. Amarneethi nayanar


4. Arivaddaaya nayanar


5. Aanaya nayanar


6. Isaignaaniyar (female saint)


7. Idankazhi nayanar

 

8. Iyarpakai nayanar

Iyatpakai Nayanar

Iyatpakai Nayanar was born at 'Kavirippoompattinam' in the Chozha's country. He was born into a wealthy family in Traders' community. He was always devoted to Lord Shiva and lived a pious life.

His main and remarkable service to Hinduism was that he never denied to donate anything to whoever asked as alms.

In order to test his devotion and let people know about his virtues, Lord Shiva came to his house in the disguise of a Saivite sage. Iyatpakaiyar welcomed him in the proper way and requested him to tell the purpose of his visit.

The visitor asked him to hand over his beautiful, young wife to him. Iyatpakai didn't hesitate. Even after listening to such a shocking request, he was happy that the sage had asked for one item he had in his possession. He brought his wife out of her room and handed her over to the unknowned sage.

His close relatives and friends heard about that deed and in order to save the family from disgrace, they came crowding in front of the house, forbidding the sage from taking the wife away.

Iyatpakaiyar took his sword and fought with all of them to make way for the sage to go away with his wife.

At that moment, the sage disappeared and Lord Shiva appeared in the skies along with his consort, Uma devi. 

He blessed the pious devotee for his ardent devotion and love and granted heavenly bliss to him, his wife and all the relatives and friends.

Since that day, he was called 'Iyatpakai Nayanar'. 

 

9. laiyankudimara nayanar

 

10. Uruthira pasupathy nayanar

 

11. Eripaththa nayanar

 

12. Eyarkon kalikkaama nayanar

 

13. Enathinaatha nayanar

 

14. Aiyadigal kadavarkon nayanar

 

15. Gananaatha nayanar

 

16. Kanampulla nayanar

 

17. Kootruva nayanar

 

18. Kochengad chozha nayanar

 

19. Kodpuli nayanar

 

20. Sadaiya nayanar

 

21. Sandesura nayanar

 

22. Saththi nayanar

 

23. Sakkiya nayanar

 

24. Sirappuli nayanar


25. Siruthonda nayanar


26. Sunthara moorthy nayanar

 

27. Seruthunai nayanar

 

28. Seraman perumanaya nayanar

 

29. Somasimara nayanar


30. Thandiyadigal nayanar


31. Thirukkuripputh thonda nayanar


32. Thirugnaana sambantha moorthy nayanar


33. Kannappa nayanar


34. Kalikkamba nayanar


35. Kaliya nayanar


36. Kazharsinga nayanar


37. Kaari nayanar


38. Kaaraikkaal ammaiyar (female saint)


39. Kungiliyak kalaya nayanar


40. Kulachirai nayanar

41. Thiruneelakanda nayanar

Thiruneelakanda Nayanar

Thiruneelakanda Nayanar was born at a town called 'Thillai' in Chozha's country (in India). He was born in the 'potter' community who are specialists in making earthen pots. Thiruneelakandar was an ardent devotee of Lord Shiva and used to chant often, 'Thiruneelakandam', a holy name of the Lord.

He used to donate earthen pots to sages and devotees of Lord Shiva. Once, his wife got angry with him for adultery and asked him not to touch her anymore. Thiruneelakandar agreed and vowed not to touch her. They lived in the same hut as husband and wife for many years, but without touching one other.

Both of them never forgot to worship and love Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva determined to wipe out their anger and join them again. He took the disguise of an old Saivist sage and came to their hut. He gave his old earthen pot to Thiruneelakandar and asked him to keep it safe till he returned from Kasi (a holy pilgrimage town in North India). Thiruneelakandar agreed and kept that pot at a safe place in his hut. But, by the holy play of the Lord, the pot vanished soon after.

After a while, the sage came back and asked for his pot. To a great shock of Thiruneelakandar, the old pot was not to be found anywhere. Thiruneelakandar told the truth to the sage and offered to give him a new earthen pot in place of the lost one.

The sage refused and scolded him harsh and asked him to declare the truth on oath, holding the hand of his wife. Unable to disobey the sage's command, Thiruneelakandar held his wife's hand and both immersed in the holy waters of the temple pond and declared the whole truth to all.

At that moment, by Lord's grace, their old age was gone and they arose from the water as young man and wife.

The sage disappeared and a heavenly voice rendered that it was the Lord's holy play in order to let the people of the world know the virtues of his ardent devotee, Thiruneelakandar.

All people praised the devotee and since that day, he was called, 'Thiruneelakanda Nayanar'. 


52. Thirunaalaippovar nayanar


53. Poosalar nayanar


54. Perumizhalaik kurumba nayanar


55. Mangaiyarkkarasiyaar (female saint)


56. Maanakkanjaara nayanar


57. Muruka nayanar


58. Munaiyaaduvar nayanar


59. Moorkka nayanar


60. Moorthy nayanar


61. Meipporul nayanar


62. Vayilaar nayanar

 

63. Viranmeenda nayanar

Apart from these 63, there were 4 'Santhana Kuravars' as well (those who wrote (authored) about Lord Shiva and Saivaism)

There were four 'Santhana Kuravarkal', the 'Saivist Theology' teachers who wrote famous Saivist moral ethics and lead people in Hindu religious way of life.



1. Meikanda thevar


2. Arunanthi sivachariyaar


3. Maraignaana sambanthar

 

4. Umapathy sivam

Contributors to the glory of Hinduism 


1. Swami Vivekananda


2. Arumuga Navalar

 

3. Swami Vipulananda

Azhavars - The great 12 Vaisanva Volunteers

Here is the list of twelve Azhvars who sang great and sweet songs on Maha Vishnu. We will soon be able to read about them one after the other.

Please note if the tab is in blue colour then there are details for you to read.

1. Poikai azhavar

Poikai Azhawar

Thondai-Nadu is located in the northern part of the Tamil Nadu of South India.

poikai alwar

Kanchi-Puram is the Capital City of this Thondai-Nadu.

Long back, during the time when Kingdoms and Empires were existed, the spectacular city of Kanchi-Puram was the capital city of Chola dynasty first and then Palava dynasty later on.

The city is still vibrant there as a proof of the old Tamil cultural capital. The chroniclers suggest us that the city was under the influence of different religions as a result of changing hands between various dynasties.

It was once the capital of Hindu rulers and combine sub-sects of Saivaism and Vaishanvaism were flourishing. Then at another point it was the under the influence of Buddhism. Yet later it was under the influence of Jainism too.

As the saying goes that the 'Subjects adhere to the path of the Kings', when the rulers determined to abide by a new faith the citizens too needed to follow suit. Also when new external rulers captured area of Kanchi-Puram as well as the kingdom in wars, they required the residents to follow their faith also.

As a result the present city of Kanchi-Puram has several Saiva temples as well as of Vaishnava Temples and also famously known as 'Temple City'. People of Kanchi-Puram visit both temples as 'Hindu Temples'.

There is a village close to the city of Kanchi-Puram known as Thirup-Paruththik-Kunram where there is an amazing temple of 'Jainism' faith that can be seen as an evidence of the influence of the faith of 'Jainism' once there. There are some families of 'Jainism' faith live around this temple.

This temple is visited not just by Jains but also by Hindus of both Saivas and Vaisanavas.

Western part of the city of Kanchi-Puram has many Shiva temples and so it is known as 'Shiva Kanchi' and also similarly eastern part has many Vishnu temples and so it is known as 'Vishnu Kanchi'.

Thiru-Vekka is an ancient Thirumal (Vishnu) temple situated in the Vishnu Kanchi. It was also known as 'The Sanctum of Yadodkaari' as well as 'Sonna Vannam Seithaan' (indicates; the one (Lord)that delivered as promised). There is an attractive pond attached to the temple.

Long before this pond (' Poikai' is Tamil) had great deal of lovely flowers such as lotus, lily and so on. The priests of the temple made use of these flowers to decorate the deity of the sanctum as well as used them for everyday poojas.

One day when the priests wading in the pond to collect flowers, they observed a little baby boy in the centre of the lotus flowers.

They picked up the little one and soon understood by the grace of the god that baby was an avatar of the conch known as 'Pancha-Janjam' that can be seen in the hand of Lord Maha Vishnu.

Since he was discovered in the Poikai (pond) he became known as 'Poikai Alwar'.

As per historical note the 'Poikai Alwar' was born in the 7th century and in a Tamil month of 'Aippasi' (October-- November) an under the star of Thiruvonam. The purpose of the avatar of the 'Poikai Alwar' was to glorify the Lord with devotional songs known as Thirup-paasuram.

Poikai Alwar had a great deal of love for the Lord from his childhood years. He was an excellent student too and also learned deeply all that need to be learned as he grew up.

As per his deep learning and understanding he realized that the salvation in this life and also after life is just with the grace of the God and so he came to be uninterested in the worldly affairs around him as well as his surroundings.

He determined that his only job in this world was to glorify the Lord Maha Vishnu and also to serve his devotees. He went on trips to some other great temples of the Lord and also sang and glorified the deities of those temple.

The first one hundred of the devotional songs he vocalized known as Thirup-paasuram have been grouped as 'First Thiruvanthathi'.

Here is among the best Thirup-paasuram of Poikai Alwar:

‘Nayaven PiRar PoruLai; NaLen KeeLvaarOdu
Uyiven UyaRnthavarOdu, AlLal Viyeven
ThiruMaa-lai Al-lathu Theivam Enru EenthThen;
Varuma EnMel Vinai?


Meaning:

I would not touch the possessions of others
I would not want to know those who have paltry thoughts and get along only with those high people that glorify Lord Thirumal. Would any harms come on me, given that I would certainly not pray anybody other than Lord Thirumal?

 


2. Poothathazhvar


3. Peyaazhvar


4. Thirumazhisaiyaazhvar


5. Mathurakavi azhvar


6. Nammaazhvar


7. Kulasekaraazhvar


8. Periyaazhvar (Vishnu siththar)


9. Aandal (Surumbaar kuzhal kothai) (Female)


10. Thondaradippodi aazhvar (Vippira narayanar)


11. Thiruppaanaazhvaar

12. Thirumangai aazhvar

Great Hindu Siththarkal

Children,  

You may already know how popular YOGA is worldwide. The Siththars who mastered this and by their ability to perform deep meditation and severe penance earned wondrous powers from the God and utilised them to serve (curing from diseases) and lead people by advising the correct way to solve issues.

Many Siththars were people who decided not to subject themselves into more and more usual pressures or troubles as they had enough and so freed themselves from normal day to day work and family life to live in a free way.  

Siththars are deep visualizers and they were able to tell accurately, on seeing a previously unknown person's face, about their past, present and also forecast their future. 

You may wonder how Sages (Maha Rishies) differ from Siththars.  Sages are highly disciplined, learned and they lived in the forest and in hermits full of tranquility.

Siththars on the other hand often lived undisciplined lives, wear less or some time no cloths and lived anywhere they liked and beg for their basic needs such as foods.

Until they are understood, these Siththars are often mistaken as mentally unbalanced but harmless persons roaming around.

Siththars are still around but it would be difficult to locate them as it is actually difficult to differentiate a mentally unbalanced person and a true Siththar.

Here in this section you will read some amazing stories about them.

List of 25 great Hindu Siththars: 

Please note if the tab is in blue colour then there are details for you to read.  

1. Pogar

2. Machchamuni

3. Vama thevar

4. Suntharaananthar

5. Konganavar

6. Idaikkaadar

7. Kamalamuni

8. Gorakkar

9. Vaanmeekar

10. Thirumoolar

11. Saddanaathar

12. Thanvanthiri

13. Paambaaddi

14. Kuthambai

15. Karuvooraar

16. Pathanjaliyar

17. Agasthiyar (Kumba muni)

18. Nantheesar

19. Kalaanki nathar

20. Agappey

21. Azhukkani siththar

22. Theraiyar

23. Punnaakkeesar

24. Pulasthiyar

25. Poonaikkannar

Hindu Holymen and Holywomen

Dear Children,

Hindu holymen and holywomen who borned with a special blessing and are revered and respected by loving devotees as the holy aspects of God himself. These holymen and holywomen teach and preach Hindu discipline and way of life.

Please note if the tab is in blue colour then there are details for you to read.

1. Padinatthu Adikal

2. Vadaloor Jothi Ramalinga Swamikal

3. Pampan Swamikal

4. Sri Ramana Maharishi

5. Shashastri Swamikal

6. Judge Swamikal

7. Chairman Swamikal

8. Thayumana Swamikal

9. Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsar

10. Seeradi Saibaba

11. Sri Sathiya Saibaba

12. Matha AmithananthaMayi

13. Melmaruwathoor Pankaru Adikalar

14. Yogar Swamikal of Jaffna